The need to decode the unknown history in the 90’s led a small group of archaeologists to explore the northern Persian Gulf; in 1993, the first steps were taken by making the archaeology group at the Institute of Archaeology and the selected archaeologists learned diving on Kish Island. Simultaneous to the training, their diving equipment was purchased via non-governmental and governmental organizations’ funds. But, first coherent and planned activities of the Group in the year 2000 and underwater surveys around the shores of Port Sarif were formed in Bushehr Province. Before the commencement of field activities, a series of preliminary studies were conducted by Mr. Rastipoor, including the scrutiny of the potentials of the southern coast for maritime archaeology and a map was thus provided for this purpose. The first coherent and planned activities of the Group were however conducted in the year 2000 and were commenced by underwater surveys around the shores of Siraf Port in Bushehr Province.