Maraghe Observatory

The Maragheh Observatory has a unique place in the history of medieval astronomy. It represents a new wave of scientific activities in the Islamic world in the mid 13th century, it had a key role in the development of some sophisticated pre-Copernican non-Ptolemaic systems for explaining the planetary motions, and it was the model for several observatories that were built in Persia, Transoxiana, and Asia Minor up to the 17th century. As an influential institution that was not devoted solely to astronomy, the Maragheh Observatory revived advanced scientific studies during what is normally considered the period when science declined in Islam. Ideas initiating from the Maragheh School impacted well beyond the Islamic territories and influenced the astronomical revolution of the 16th century.

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