Ecology Urmia

Based on last checklists of biodiversity of Urmia Lake in 2014 and 2016, it is home of 62 species of Archaebacteria and Bacteria, 42 species of Microfungi, 20 species of Phytoplankton, 311 species of Plants, 5 species of Mollusca (In rivers of islands), 226 species of Birds, 27 species of Amphibians and Reptiles and 24 species of Mammals. As well as, 47 fossils have been recorded in this habitat.It is an internationally registered protected area as both a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and a Ramsar site.The Iranian Dept. of Environment has designated most of the lake as a National Park.[



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